شناسایی و اولویت بندی موانع توسعه مدرسه کارآفرین از دیدگاه مدیران مدارس متوسطه شهرستان اردبیل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموشی دانشگاه آزاد واحد اردبیل ، اردبیل ، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموشی دانشگاه آزاد واحد اردبیل ، اردبیل ، ایران

3 دکترای روانشناسی و دانشیار دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی ، اردبیل ، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی و اولویت دهی موانع توسعه مدرسه کارآفرین از دیدگاه مدیران مدارس متوسطه شهرستان اردبیل است که به روش توصیفی- تحلیلی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق کلیه مدیران مدارس متوسطه دوره اول و دوم شهرستان اردبیل در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 به تعداد300 نفر که از بین این نمونه ها 170 نفر از طریق فرمول مورگان و گرجسی به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقهء انتخاب گردید. ابزارگردآوری اطلاعات مشتمل بر پرسشنامه محقق ساخته موانع توسعه مدرسه کارآفرین از دیدگاه مدیران مدارس با اقتباس از ادبیات پژوهش بود. دادههای موجود درنرم افزار spss بوسیله آزمون T تک نمونه، کای اسکولرو فریدمن تحلیل شد. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد از دیدگاه مدیران، موانع مربوط به معلم با میانگین (74/3)، موانع مربوط به دانش آموز با میانگین (55/3)، موانع سازمانی با میانگین (18/4)، موانع دولتی با میانگین (13/4)، موانع مربوط به برنامه ریزی و محتوای درسی با میانگین (24/4) و موانع محیطی با میانگین (91/3) در عدم توسعه مدارس کارآفرین نقش معنی دار دارند. نتایج آزمون فریدمن نشان داد رتبه بندی موانع توسعه مدارس کارآفرین از دیدگاه مدیران به ترتیب موانع مربوط به برنامه ریزی و محتوای درسی، موانع سازمانی، موانع دولتی، موانع محیطی، موانع مربوط به دانش آموز و موانع مربوط به معلم می باشد.باتوجه به نتایج پیشنهاد می شود در ارائه محتوای کتب درسی از تأکید صرف بر مفاهیم تئوریک خودداری و مطالب به سمت مفاهیم کاربردی رود و به منظور کاربردی نمودن مطالب دانش آموزان را در موقعیت واقعی قرار داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and priortizing barriers to entrepreneurial school development from the perspective of Ardabil high school Managers

نویسندگان [English]

  • farshid fathy karkaragh 1
  • Maryam Soleimani Fani 2
  • Ali Rezaei Sharif 3
1 Master degree student , departemant of human sciences, faculty of educational sciences , Ardabil branch , University of Islamic Azad , Ardabil , Iran
2 Master degree , departemant of human sciences, faculty of educational sciences , Ardabil branch , University of Islamic Azad , Ardabil , Iran
3 PHD, departemant of psychology and educational sciences , faculty of psychology , University of Mohageg Ardabili , Ardabil , Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the research was to identify and prioritize the barriers to the development of entrepreneurial school from the perspective of high school principals in Ardabil city, which was done by descriptive-analytical research method. The statistical population of the study of all principals of secondary schools in the first and second years of Ardabil city in the academic year of 2009-2010 was 300, of which 170 people were selected through Morgan and Georgian formulas by stratified random sampling. The data collection tool consisted of a researcher-made questionnaire adapted from the research literature. The validity of the questionnaire was estimated through formal-content validity and reliability through Cronbach's alpha coefficient, which was higher than 0.7 for all variables. Data in SPSS software were analyzed by single sample T test, Kai Scovar and Friedman. The results of this study showed that from the perspective of principals, barriers related to teachers with average (3.74), barriers related to students with average (3.55), organizational barriers with average (4.18), government barriers with average (13) 4.4 Obstacles to planning and curriculum content with an average (4.24) and environmental barriers with an average (3.91) play a significant role in the lack of development of entrepreneurial schools. The results of the Friedman test showed that the ranking of barriers to entrepreneurial school development from the principals' point of view is the barriers to planning and curriculum content, organizational barriers, government barriers, environmental barriers, student barriers and teacher barriers, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Development Barriers
  • Entrepreneurial School
  • managers
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