مقایسه تاثیر آموزش معکوس و آموزش سنتی بر اشتیاق تحصیلی درس ریاضی دانش آموزان ابتدایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناسی ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه تاثیر یادگیری آموزش معکوس و آموزش سنتی بر اشتیاق تحصیلی درس ریاضی دانش-آموزان ابتدایی انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را دانش‌آموزان پسر و دختر پایه پنجم ابتدایی شهرستان تالش در سال تحصیلی 99- 1398 تشکیل می‌دادند. نمونه این پژوهش شامل 39 نفر دانش‌آموزان پسر و دختر پایه پنجم ابتدایی، شامل 22 نفر گروه آزمایش و 17 نفر گروه کنترل می‌باشد، که با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شده‌اند. بدین صورت که ابتدا دو مدرسه از بین مدارس ابتدایی شهرستان تالش که در دسترس بوده‌اند انتخاب و سپس از هر مدرسه کلاس پایه پنجم که شامل دانش‌آموزان پسر و دختر بودند و حجم تقریبا برابری داشتند انتخاب شدند. دانش‌آموزان هر کلاس در دو گروه آزمایش معکوس و گروه کنترل مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌‌ها از پرسشنامه اشتیاق (Wang et al, 2011) که دارای سه جنبه رفتاری، هیجانی و شناختی اشتیاق به مدرسه بود استفاده شد که می تواند تمام جنبه های اشتیاق تحصیلی مربوط به درس ریاضی را بسنجد. ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شده برای این پرسشنامه بالای 7/0 برآورد شد. داده ها از طریق آزمون آماری آنالیز کواریانس چند متغیری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها نشان داد که فرضیه‌های پژوهش مبنی بر اثربخشی آموزش معکوس بر اشتیاق تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان مورد تأیید قرارگرفته است و دانش‌آموزان گروه آزمایش نسبت به دانش‌آموزان گروه کنترل در پس آزمون، به طور معنی داری اشتیاق تحصیلی بیشتری داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the effect of reverse education and traditional education on the academic motivation of elementary students in mathematics

نویسنده [English]

  • pedram ghorbanzadeh
Master of Educational Research, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil - Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of reverse education learning and traditional education on the academic motivation of elementary school students. The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest and posttest design with control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of male and female students of the fifth grade of elementary school in Talesh city in the academic year 1398-99. The sample of this study includes 39 male and female students in the fifth grade of elementary school, including 22 in the experimental group and 17 in the control group, who were selected by available sampling method. In this way, first two schools were selected from the primary schools of Talesh city that were available and then from each school of the fifth grade which included male and female students and had an almost equal volume. To collect the data, the Passion Questionnaire (Wang et al, 2011) was used, which had three behavioral, emotional and cognitive aspects of school desire, which can measure all aspects of academic motivation related to mathematics. Cronbach's alpha coefficient calculated for this questionnaire was estimated to be above 0.7. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance. The results showed that the research hypotheses about the effectiveness of reverse education on students' academic achievement were confirmed and the students in the experimental group had significantly more academic desire than the students in the post-test control group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Reverse education
  • traditional education
  • Academic motivation
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